Dalecarlian is a collective name of dialects spoken in Dalarna, Sweden. In the far north, in the originally Norwegian municipalities Särna and Idre, a dialect close to Norwegian is spoken. Dalecarlian is considered a separate language from Swedish.
There are many variants of Dalecarlian.
Classification of Dalecarlian
Ethnologue classifies Dalecarlian under Swedish: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish
Another classification places Dalecarlian between East Scandinavian and West Scandinavian as shown below:
The Dalecarlian verb
- The verb infinitive often misses the ending -a, such as in spring and tjör.
- Kasta and other similar verbs are in present tense kastär; möta -> mötär.
- Past tense is often like infinitive, e.g., kasta.
- Wikipedia article in Swedish