Dong, Northern


  • Language: Dong, Northern
  • Alternate names: Gam, Kam, Tong, Tung, Tung-Chia
  • Language code: doc
  • Language family: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui
  • Number of speakers: 463000
  • Script: Category


Dong, Northern is a language of China. It is spoken in Area where west Hunan Province and north Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region meet, southeast Guizhou (Yuping autonomous county); Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 20 contiguous counties. Also in Viet Nam.


Zhanglu speech in Rongjiang County, Guizhou Province is standard variety. Reportedly similar to Mulam (See: Mulam). Lexical similarity: 80% with Northern Dong varieties, 71% with Southern Dong (See: Dong, Southern), 46% with Lakkia (See: Lakkia), 29% with Qabiao (See: Qabiao), 26% with Hlai (See: Hlai), 24% with Gelao, 22% with Lachi (See: Lachi?), 6% with Hmong Njua (See: Hmong Njua?), 4% with Iu Mien (See: Iu Mien).

The Dong, Northern Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekit31
to blowsəp11
to buyȶəi33
to chewkəp55
to chooseʔen33
to comema11, thəu25
to cooktuŋ35
to countɕo25
to cryŋe33
to cut, hackmaʔ55, tat55, te55
to die, be deadtəi35
to digweu35
to dreampjən35 ʔan35
to drinkwum31
to eatȶe35
to falltoʔ55
to fearko13
to flowtui11
to flypən31
to hearȶiŋ25, ɕaŋ35 ka11
to hitʔeu11
to holdʔum33
to killsa13
to know, be knowledgeablewo31
to laughko35
to live, be aliveȵau44
to open, uncoverʔəi11
to plantmja22, to33
to sayɕei35, ɕot31, sei35
to seenu55
to sewpaŋ35
to shootpeŋ55
to sitȵau44, sui55
to sleepnaʔ35
to spitpju25
to splitje13
to standjun35
to stealljaʔ13
to swellpo55
to thinksaŋ13
to tie up, fastensuʔ31
to turnɕon55
to walkȶam13, pai35
to vomitmje35, wen11 wo35
to workwe31
to yawn