Early Contemporary Swedish


  • Language: Early Contemporary Swedish
  • Alternate names: Nusvenska, Äldre nusvenska
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script


Early Contemporary Swedish differed from the Swedish spoken today in the way that verbs agreed in number. Compared with Late Modern Swedish? there were no more inflection for person in plural forms.

Swedish language periods

Runic Swedish800-1225
Early Old Swedish?1225-1375
Late Old Swedish?1375-1526
Early Modern Swedish?1526-1750
Late Modern Swedish?1750-1880
Early Contemporary Swedish1880-
Contemporary Swedish1950-

The Verb

The infinitive forms of Swedish verbs end in a vowel, which in almost all cases is the letter a.

Verbs are conjugated according to tense and number.

Sample weak verb: kalla

In weak verbs the number is distinguished in present only.

Number Present Past
Singular kallar kallade
Plural kalla

(Compare these verb forms with corresponding conjugations in today's Swedish.)

More Verbs

Sample strong verb: skriva

In strong verbs the number is distinguished both in present and past.

Number Present Past
Singular skriver skrev
Plural skriva skrevo