Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Esperanto
  • Created: 1887
  • Alternate names: La Lingvo Internacia
  • Language code: epo
  • Language family: Conlang
  • Script: Latin script


Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. The name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof first published the Unua Libro in 1887. The word itself means 'one who hopes'. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

The verb

All verbs are regular. Three tenses together form what is called the indicative mood. The other moods are the infinitive, conditional, and jussive. Verbs do not change form according to their subject. I am, we are, and he is are simply mi estas, ni estas, and li estas, respectively.

Conjugation of the Esperanto verb: esti

Indicative Active participle Passive participle Infinitive Jussive Conditional
Past estis estinta estita esti estu estus
Present estas estanta estata
Future estos estonta estota

Esperanto verb list