• Language: Gascon
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: gsc
  • Language family: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, Oc, Occitan
  • Number of speakers: 253,814 (Language use
  • Script: Latin script


Gascon is a dialect of the Occitan language. Gascon is mostly spoken in Gascony and Béarn.

The language spoken in Gascony before Roman rule was part of the Basque dialectal continuum (see Aquitanian? language); the fact that the word 'Gascon' comes from the Latin root vasco/vasconem, which is the same root that gives us 'Basque,' implies that the speakers identified themselves at some moment as Basque. There is a proven Basque substrate in the development of Gascon. This explains some of the major differences that exist between Gascon and other Occitan? languages.

Verb Types

Gascon verbs are divided in regular and irregular verbs. The vast majority of the verbs are regular. Just like in Occitan, all the verbs are also divided in conjugation groups according to the ending in the infinitive.

Sample verb (1st conjugation): ayma

Indicative Subjunctive Conditional Imperative
Present Imperfect Preterite Future Present Imperfect
Sg.1 aymi aymabi aymouy / aymey aymerey aymey aymoussey aymeri -
Sg.2 aymes aymabes aymous / aymas aymeras aymes aymousses aymeres aymo
Sg.3 ayme aymabe aymou / ayma aymera ayme aymousse aymeré -
Pl.1 aymen aymabem aymoum / aymem aymeram aymem aymoussem aymerem -
Pl.2 aymets aymabets aymoutz / aymets aymerats aymets aymoussets aymerets aymas
Pl.3 aymen aymaben aymoun / aymen aymeran aymen aymoussen aymeren -

Sample Verbs: