- Language: Novial
- Created: 1928
- Alternate names:
- Language code:
- Language family: Conlang
- Script: Latin script
Novial [nov- ("new") + IAL, International Auxiliary Language] is a constructed international auxiliary language (IAL) intended to facilitate international communication and friendship, without displacing anyone's native language. It was devised by Professor Otto Jespersen, a Danish linguist who was previously involved in the Ido movement, and subsequently in the development of Interlingua.
Its vocabulary is based largely on the Germanic and Romance languages and its grammar is influenced by English.
Verb forms never change with person or number. Most verb tenses, moods and voices are expressed with auxiliary verbs preceding the root form of the main verb. The auxiliaries follow the same word order as the English equivalent.
Sample verb: ama
|Past||amad / did ama||-||-||amat|
|Future||sal ama / ve ama||-||-||-|
|Perfect||ha ama||vud ha ama||-||-|
|Pluperfect||had ama / did ha ama||-||-||-|
|Future perfect||sal ha ama / ve ha ama||-||-||-|
Following verbs are conjugated differently than regular verbs:
- voli; shows the form volud in conditional along with regular forms.
- pove; shows the form povud in conditional along with regular forms.
- deve; shows the form devud in conditional along with regular forms.
- es, mus;