Old Finnish


  • Language: Old Finnish
  • Alternate names: Old Literary Finnish, vanha kirjasuomi
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Uralic, Finnic
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script


Old Finnish is the written Finnish language 1540-1820. This period begins when the first book was printed in Finnish and lasts until the end of the Swedish rule in Finland.

Most of the literary was translations of religious texts. During this period Turku was the capital of Finland; therefore the western dialects dominated in the language

The Verb

The conjugation follows to a great extent that of modern Finnish.

Sample verb: racastaa to love

The source for this sample verb is taken from an unfinished excerpt of a Finnish grammar. This grammar contains some archaisms that date to no later than the begining of the 17th century.

Present Past Present Past
Sg.1 racastan racastin rakastan rakastin
Sg.2 racastat racastitt rakastat rakastit
Sg.3 racasta racastit rakastaa rakasti
Pl.1 racastamme racastimme rakastamme rakastimme
Pl.2 racastatte racastitte rakastatte rakastitte
Pl.3 racastawat racastit rakastavat rakastivat

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