Old Latin


  • Language: Old Latin
  • Alternate names: Early Latin, Archaic Latin
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Italic, Latino-Faliscan
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script


Old Latin refers to the Latin language in the period before the age of Classical Latin; that is, all Latin before 75 BC.

The verb

There is not much actual proof of the morphology of Old Latin verb forms, and even these scant carvings hold many inconsistencies between forms. Therefore, the forms below are ones that are both proven by scholars through Old Latin carvings, and recreated by scholars based on other early Indo-European languages such as Greek, Oscan, Umbrian, and other Italic dialects.

Sample verb: sum 'to be'

Present Perfect
Sg.1 som / esom fuei
Sg.2 es fuistei
Sg.3 est fued / fuit
Pl.1 somos / sumos fuemos
Pl.2 esteīs fuisteīs
Pl.3 sont fueront / fuerom