• Language: Proto-Romanian
  • Alternate names: Common Romanian, româna comună, Ancient Romanian, străromâna
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script


Proto-Romanian is a hypothetical language considered to have been spoken by the ancestors of today's Romanians and related Balkan Latin peoples (Vlachs), between the 7th and the 9th century.

Proto-Romanian already had a structure very distinct from the other Romance languages, with major differences in grammar, morphology and phonology and already was a member of the Balkan linguistic union. Most of its features can be found in the modern Eastern Romance languages. It already contained around a hundred loans from Slavic languages, including words such as "trup" (body), as well as some Greek language loans via Vulgar Latin (Eastern).

The verb

Sample verb (1st conjugation): cantare

Present Imperfect Preterite Pluperfect Past
Sg.1 cantu cantam cantai cantase aeu cantatu cantarem se cantu
Sg.2 canti cantai cantasi cantasi aei cantatu cantari se canti
Sg.3 canta canta cantae cantase ae cantatu cantare se ?
Pl.1 cantamu cantamu cantaemu cantasemu aemu cantatu cantaremu se cantamu
Pl.2 cantati cantati cantaeti cantaseti aeti cantatu cantareti se cantati
Pl.3 cantau cantau cantaere cantase ae cantatu cantare se ?

Proto-Romanian Verbs

More verbs

Proto Romanian verb list