Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Saramaccan
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: srm
  • Language family: Creole, English Based
  • Number of speakers: 26000
  • Script:


Saramaccan is a Creole language spoken by about 24,000 people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname Rivers in Suriname, and 2,000 in French Guiana. The speakers are mostly descendants of fugitive slaves; they form a group called Saramacca, also spelled Saramaka.

The verb

 SubjectTenseModal/Aspect 1Modal/Aspect 2VerbTranslation
1A---wakaHe walked.
2A--tawakaHe is walking.
3A-o-wakaHe will walk.
4Abi--wakaHe did walk.
5A--sawakaHe can walk or he may walk
6A-otawakaHe will walk (continuously or habitually).
7A-osa tawakaHe is able to walk (continuously or habitually).
8Abio-wakaHe was going to walk.
9Abi-sawakaHe could have walked.
10Abi-tawakaHe was walking or he used to walk.
11AbiosawakaHe could have walked.
12Abiosa tawakaHe could have walked (continuously or habitually).
13A---wakaHe walked.
14Abi-sa tawakaHe used to be able to walk.

7,8,13, and 14 occur seldom; the sa ta combinations are especially rare.