Swedish, Gammelsvenskby


  • Language: Swedish, Gammelsvenskby
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish
  • Number of speakers:
  • Script: Latin script


Swedish Gammelsvenskby is a Swedish vernacular? spoken in Zmiyivka village, Kherson Oblast, Ukraine. Today, the village has 150-200 people who share a Swedish cultural heritage. Only a few of them still speak the Swedish dialect fluently and German is often used instead.

The population of Gammalsvenskby traces its origins back to Hiiumaa (Swedish: Dagö) in present-day Estonia, once a part of the Realm of Sweden (In this part of Estonia they still speak a Swedish dialect). Under the reign of Catherine II of Russia, the Swedish-speaking population left the island in August 1781. With the promise of being granted fertile land, they were relocated to the south of Ukraine, used as colonists in territory conquered from the Ottoman Empire.

The verb

The samples are based on field work done in the beginning of the 20th century.

Sample verbs

Weak verb, 1st group

boka = to bake

Person Present Imperfect Imperative
Sg.1 bokar boka -
Sg.2 boka!
Sg.3 -
Pl.1 boka bokom!
Pl.2 boke!
Pl.3 -

Strong verb, 1st group

bit = to bite

Person Present Imperfect Imperative
Sg.1 biter beit -
Sg.2 bit!
Sg.3 -
Pl.1 bit bitom!
Pl.2 bite!
Pl.3 -