Swedish, Helsingfors

Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Swedish, Helsingfors
  • Alternate names: Helsingforssvenska
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish
  • Number of speakers: 35451
  • Script: Latin script


All street names are both in Finnish and Swedish.

Helsingfors Swedish (Swedish helsingforssvenska) is a East-Swedish dialect spoken in Helsinki (Swedish Helsingfors) region in Finland. This dialect has many borrowings from the Finnish language.

The verb

Swedish, Helsingfors is spoken in the middle of the area marked in Green.

Compared with Standard Swedish, the verb shows few peculiarities in conjugation. The differences between Standard Swedish and the dialects are rather in vocabulary that's specific to the region.


The foremost peculiarity in morphology is the replacing of '-t/-d' with 'i' in past participle in 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs.

There's also the tendency to omit the '-de' and '-t' suffixes in past tense and the supine. This is more common in Finland than in Sweden. Examples:

Pastkalla´ calledkallade
Supinekalla´ calledkallat
Supineäti´ eatenätit

One innovation is the infinitive måsta must. This verb has no infinitive in standard Swedish.


Dialectal forms

Loans from Finnish verbs

External Links