Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along the coast and on the Åland islands. It is to a considerable extent mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to a lesser extent with Danish.
Along with the other North Germanic languages, Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.
Swedish language periods
|Early Old Swedish||1225-1375||Klassisk fornsvenska|
|Late Old Swedish||1375-1526||Yngre fornsvenska|
|Early Modern Swedish||1526-1750||Äldre nysvenska|
|Late Modern Swedish||1750-1880||Yngre nysvenska|
|Early Contemporary Swedish||1880-||Nusvenska|
There are many variants of standard Swedish. Some of these are considered dialects and other as separate languages.