Tocharian B


  • Language: Tocharian B
  • Alternate names: Kuchean
  • Language code: txb
  • Language family: Indo-European, Tocharian
  • Number of speakers:
  • Script:


Tocharian B is one of the easternmost Indo-European languages, being spoken in ancient times in city-oases of Central Asia. It was not discovered until the turn of the 20th century, as a result of archaeological expeditions to Chinese Turkestan. Tocharian is not closely related to other branches of Indo-European. It has archaic features that suggest it separated early from Proto-Indoeuropean, probably after the Anatolian languages. In contrast to Tocharian A, Tocharian B is attested by documents of diverse nature, had a greater geographical extent, and showed dialectal and/or socio-linguistic variation, all of which implies it was a vernacular spoken language.

The verb