- Language: Karelian
- Alternate names: karjala, карельский язык, Karelian proper, Karelisch, carélien, karely, Sobstvenno-Karel'skij-Jazyk, Karely, Karelian Proper, Karel'skiy Jazyk, Severno-Karel'skij, karel΄skij jazyk, karjalan kieli, venäjänkarjalaisten kieli, Russisch-Karelisch, Olonetzisch-Lüdisch, Gárjilgiella
- Language code: krl
- Language family: Uralic, Finnic, Coastal Finnic, Neva, North Finnic, Ladogan
- Number of speakers: 63,000
- Vulnerability: Threatened
- Script: Cyrillic script, no longer in use. Latin script.
Two language nests started in 1999 and 2002 in northwestern county center of Kalevala (Salminen 2007).
Karelian belongs to the North group of the Baltic-Finnic language, with the closest related language being Finnish. Some scholars do not regard Karelian as a separate language at all, but classify it as an eastern dialect of the Finnish language. However, it should be considered a separate language because of its geo-political location within the boundaries of another state. (The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire)