Bengali

Facts

  • Language: Bengali
  • Alternate names: Banga-Bhasa, Bangala, Bangla
  • Language code: ben
  • Language family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bengali-Assamese
  • Number of speakers: 171070202
  • Script: Bengali script

Introduction

Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages.

Usually three periods are identified in the history of Bengali:

The verb

Verbs are inflected for person and honour, but not for number. There are five forms: first person, second person (very familiar), second person (familiar), third person (familiar), and second/third person (polite).

Sample verb: বলা 'bôla'

 12 (VF)2 (F)3 (F)2/3 (P)
Simple present tenseami bolitui bolishtumi bôloshe bôleapni bôlen
Simple present tenseআমি বলিতুই বলিসতুমি বলোসে বলেআপনি বলেন
Simple past tenseami bollamtui bollitumi bolleshe bolloapni bollen
Simple past tenseআমি বললামতুই বললিতুমি বললেসে বললোআপনি বললেন
Habitual past tenseami boltamtui boltishtumi bolteshe boltoapni bolten