Caddo

Facts

  • Language: Caddo
  • Alternate names: Kado, Caddoe, Kadohadacho
  • Language code: cad
  • Language family: Caddoan, Southern
  • Number of speakers: 25
  • Script: Latin script

Introduction

Caddo is a Caddoan language of the Southern Plains, spoken by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. Few native speakers remain, but the tribe is working to teach the language to the youngest generation again.

The Alphabet

abchch'dihkk'mnpsshtt'tsts'uwyʔ

ch', k', t', and ts' are pronounced by raising the adam’s apple and then letting go.

Vowels

The Verb

All Caddo verbs are inflected for person, case, reality, and (with exceptions) TAM.

The Caddo verb is a polysynthetic complex, i.e., they are composed of many morphemes. The minimal verb structure can be represented in the following way:

TAM#PER-STEM-T/A

Tense, Aspect, and Mood

There are 123 identified TAM (Tense, Aspect, Mood) markers.

External Links

References