Caddo

Facts

  • Language: Caddo
  • Alternate names: Kado, Caddoe, Kadohadacho
  • Language code: cad
  • Language family: Caddoan
  • Number of speakers: 25
  • Script: Latin script

More information:

    Introduction

    Caddo is a Caddoan language of the Southern Plains, spoken by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. Few native speakers remain, but the tribe is working to teach the language to the youngest generation again.

    The Alphabet

    abchch'dihkk'mnpsshtt'tsts'uwyʔ

    ch', k', t', and ts' are pronounced by raising the adam’s apple and then letting go.

    Vowels

    The Verb

    All Caddo verbs are inflected for person, case, reality, and (with exceptions) TAM.

    The Caddo verb is a polysynthetic complex, i.e., they are composed of many morphemes. The minimal verb structure can be represented in the following way:

    TAM#PER-STEM-T/A

    Tense, Aspect, and Mood

    There are 123 identified TAM (Tense, Aspect, Mood) markers.

    External Links

    References