Structural and intelligibility differences indicate that the 3 dialects listed could be considered separate languages. Lusernese Cimbrian is heavily influenced by Italian. Heavily influenced by Bajuwarisch dialects. It is sometimes considered to be a dialect of south Bavarian. Different from Bavarian, Walser, and Mocheno. No written influence from Standard German. Speakers are all bilingual in Standard Italian and Venetian (Trentine), and many know Standard German. Pastors preached in Cimbrian until the late 19th century. Attempts to promote it have been increasing in recent decades. It is taught in some classes and is scheduled to become required. Newspapers.
- Kranzmayer, Eberhard et al. Laut- und Flexionslehre der deutschen zimbrischen Mundart. Beiträge zur Sprachinselforschung; Bd.1. Wien, 1981.