• Language: Cuman
  • Alternate names: Middle Kipchak, Polovets
  • Language code: qwm
  • Language family: Turkic, Common Turkic
  • Number of speakers:
  • Script:

More information:


    Cuman (Kuman) was a Kipchak Turkic language spoken by the Cumans and Kipchaks; the language was similar to today's various languages of the Kipchak-Cuman branch. Cuman was a literary language in Central and Eastern Europe that left a rich literary inheritance. The language became the main language of the Golden Horde.

    The Cuman Verb

    Cuman is documented in medieval works, including the Codex Cumanicus, and in early modern manuscripts, like the notebook of Benedictine monk Johannes ex Grafing.



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