• Language: Gronings
  • Alternate names: Groningen, Grunnings, Grunnegs, Grönnegs
  • Language code: gos
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Germanic, Northwest Germanic, West Germanic, North Sea Germanic, Altsächsisch, Middle-Modern Low German, Low German, West Low German, North Low Saxon
  • Number of speakers: 592,000
  • Script: Latin

More information:


    Gronings is a collective name for some Friso-Saxon dialects spoken in the province of Groningen and around the Groningen border in Drenthe and Friesland. The dialect is characterized by a typical accent and vocabulary, which differ strongly from the other Low Saxon dialects.

    The Gronings dialects are a kind of mix between two languages: Old Frisian (East Frisian) and Middle Low German

    The verb

    Sample verb: wezen 'to be'

    Present Past Perfect
    Sg.1 ik bin was; waar heb west
    Sg.2 doe bist wasst; waarst hest west
    Sg.3 hai is was; waar het west
    Pl.1 wie binn waren/wazzen hebben west
    Pl.2 joe
    Pl.3 zai

    Sample verb: Hebben 'to have'

    Present Past Perfect
    Sg.1 ik heb haar heb had
    Sg.2 doe hest haarst hest had
    Sg.3 hai het haar het had
    Pl.1 wie hebben haren hebben had
    Pl.2 joe
    Pl.3 zai

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