Guaraní

Conjugate Verbs

Facts

  • Language: Guaraní
  • Alternate names: Avañe’e
  • Language code: gug
  • Language family: Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guarani (I)
  • Number of speakers: 5000000
  • Script: Latin script?

Introduction

Guaraní is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupí-Guaraní subfamily of the Tupian languages. It is one of the official languages of Paraguay (along with Spanish), where it is spoken by 88% of the population.

Guaraní is also spoken by indigenous communities in neighbouring countries, including parts of northern Argentina, eastern Bolivia and southwestern Brazil. It is also treated as a second official language of the Argentine provinces of Corrientes and Misiones.

The verb

Guaraní stems can be divided into a number of conjugation classes, which are called

The names for these classes stem from the names of the prefixes for 1st and 2nd person singular.

person areal aireal chendal
person walk use be big
sg.1 a-guata ai-poru che-tuicha
sg.2 re-guata rei-poru nde-tuicha

Sample verb: guari

Present

sg.1  aguari
sg.2  reguari 
sg.3  oguari
pl.1 inclusive  jaguari
pl.1 exclusive  roguari
pl.2  peguari
pl.3  oguari

Tense and aspect

The verb form without suffixes at all is a present somewhat aorist: Upe ára resẽ reho mombyry, "that day you got out and you went far"

These two suffixes can be added together: ahátama, "I'm already going"

This suffix can be joined with ma, making up páma: ñande jaikuaapáma nde remimo'ã, "now we became to know all your thought". These are unstressed suffixes: ta, ma, ne, vo; so the stress goes upon the last syllable of the verb.