Kalmyk-Oirat

Facts

  • Language: Kalmyk-Oirat
  • Alternate names: European Oirat, Kalmack, Kalmuck, Kalmuk, Kalmytskii Jazyk, Khalli, Oirat, Qalmaq, Volga Oirat, Western Mongolian
  • Language code: xal
  • Language family: Mongolic-Khitan, Mongolic, Eastern Mongolic, Khalkha-Buriat, Mongolian
  • Number of speakers: 360500
  • Script: Cyrillic script, adopted in 1924, used in Russia and Mongolia. Mongolian script, Todo style, used in China.

More information:

    Introduction

    Kalmyk Oirat, commonly known as the Kalmyk language, is a register of the Oirat language, natively spoken by the Kalmyk people of Kalmykia, a federal subject of Russia. In Russia, it is the standard form of the Oirat language, which belongs to the Mongolic language family. The Kalmyk people of the Northwest Caspian Sea of Russia claim descent from the Oirats from Eurasia, who have also historically settled in Mongolia and Northwest China. According to UNESCO, the language is "Definitely endangered".

    The Kalmyk Verb

    умш -- to read

    PersonPresent
    PresentProgressiveDistributive
    Sg.1умшнавумшҗанав-
    Sg.2---
    Sg.3умшнаумшҗанаумшлдна
    Pl.1умшнавидн--
    Pl.2---
    Pl.3--умшцхана
    PersonPast
    PastDistributiveReciprocal
    Sg.1УМШУВ--
    Sg.2---
    Sg.3умшв-умшлдв
    Pl.1---
    Pl.2---
    Pl.3-умшцхав-

    Verblist

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