Karaim

Facts

  • Language: Karaim
  • Alternate names: Karaite
  • Language code: kdr
  • Language family: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian
  • Number of speakers: 3
  • Script: Cyrillic Script?, Latin Script?

Introduction

The Karaim language is a Turkic language with Hebrew influences. The three main dialects are those of Crimea, Trakai-Vilnius and Lutsk-Halych.

The Karaim Verb

Karaim morphology is suffixing and highly agglutinating. The Karaim language lacks prefixes and uses postpositions.

Sample verb ał 'to take'

PersonLong FormShort Form
Sg.1ał-a-mynał-a-m
Sg.2ał-a-synał-a-s
Sg.3ał-a-dyrał-a-d
Pl.1ał-a-byz-
Pl.2ał-a-syz-
Pl.3ał-dyr-łarał-d-łar ~ ał-dy-łar

A notable feature of verb conjugation in Karaim is the possibility of abbreviated forms, as shown above.