It became extinct during this century as a first language. There are efforts to revive it. Second language for 200 to 300 who have mainly learned it as adults. Used for some public functions. It was supplanted by Manx Vernacular English, which in turn is now being supplanted by other varieties of English. Grammar. Extinct. Bible 1773.
- Broderick, George. A handbook of late spoken Manx. Buchreihe der Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie; Bd.3. Tübingen, 1984.