Finnish Tornedalen

Facts

  • Language: Finnish Tornedalen
  • Alternate names: Tornedalen, Meänkieli, Torne Valley Finnish, Tornedalsfinska, North Finnish
  • Language code: fit
  • Language family: Uralic, Finnic
  • Number of speakers: 109579
  • Script: Latin script

Introduction

Meänkieli (lit. "our language") is spoken in the most northern parts of Sweden, around the valley of the Torne River. From a linguistic point of view Meänkieli is a mutually intelligible dialect of Finnish, but for political and historical reasons it has the status of a minority language in Sweden.

In Swedish nowadays the language is usually referred to as Meänkieli by the authorities; a common, and older, name is tornedalsfinska which literally means "Torne Valley Finnish".

The Verb

Sample verb: olla 'to be'

INDICATIVE
Present Past
Sg.1 olen olin
Sg.2 olet olit
Sg.3 on / oon oli
Pl.1 olema olima
Pl.2 oletta olitta
Pl.3 on / oon olit

forms in italics differ from standard written Finnish.