Middle Low German

Facts

  • Language: Middle Low German
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: gml
  • Language family:
  • Number of speakers:
  • Script:

More information:

    Introduction

    Middle Low German or Middle Saxon is a developmental stage of Low German. It developed from the Old Saxon language in the Middle Ages and has been documented in writing since about 1225/34 (Sachsenspiegel). During the Hanseatic period, Middle Low German was the leading written language in the north of Central Europe and served as a lingua franca in the northern half of Europe. It was used parallel to medieval Latin also for purposes of diplomacy and for deeds.

    The Middle Low German Verb

    Sample Verbs Geven/Maken

    geven 'to give', maken 'to make'.
    PersonIndicative Present
    Sg.1gevemake
    Sg.2gifst (gevest)makest
    Sg.3gift (geft, gevet)maket
    Pluralgevet, gevenmaket, maken
    PersonOptative
    Sg.1gevemake
    Sg.2gevestmakest
    Sg.3gevemake
    Pluralgevenmaken
    PersonImperative
    Singulargif (gef)make
    Pluralgevetmaket
    PersonInfinitive
    -gevenmaken
    PersonPresent Participle
    -gevendemakende
    PersonIndicative Preterite
    Sg.1gafmakede
    Sg.2gêvestmakedest
    Sg.3gafmakedet
    Pluralgêvenmakeden
    PersonOptative
    Sg.1gêvemakede
    Sg.2gêvestmakedest
    Sg.3gêvemakede
    Pluralgêvenmakeden
    PersonPast Participle
    -(ge)geven(ge)maket