Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Novial
  • Created: 1928
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: cnov
  • Language family: Conlang
  • Script: Latin script


Novial [nov- ("new") + IAL, International Auxiliary Language] is a constructed international auxiliary language (IAL) intended to facilitate international communication and friendship, without displacing anyone's native language. It was devised by Professor Otto Jespersen, a Danish linguist who was previously involved in the Ido movement, and subsequently in the development of Interlingua.

Its vocabulary is based largely on the Germanic and Romance languages and its grammar is influenced by English.

The verb

Verb forms never change with person or number. Most verb tenses, moods and voices are expressed with auxiliary verbs preceding the root form of the main verb. The auxiliaries follow the same word order as the English equivalent.

Sample verb: ama

Indicative Conditional Imperative Participle
Present ama vud ama ama! amant
Past amad / did ama - - amat
Future sal ama / ve ama - - -
Perfect ha ama vud ha ama - -
Pluperfect had ama / did ha ama - - -
Future perfect sal ha ama / ve ha ama - - -

Irregular verbs

Following verbs are conjugated differently than regular verbs: