Runic Swedish

Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Runic Swedish
  • Alternate names: Old East Norse
  • Language code: xswer
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Runic script


Runic Swedish was spoken in a period between 800-1225 AD. Runic Swedish developed from Old Scandinavian, which was a common Germanic language spoken by all ancient Scandinavians. Runic Swedish is also referred as a dialect of Old East Norse, with the main dialects being Runic Swedish and Runic Danish. They are called runic because the body of text appears in the runic alphabet.

The Runic Swedish Verb

The Runic Swedish Verb is conjugated in

Sample verb: kalla

Present Past Present Past
Sg.1 kallaR; kalla kallaþa kalla kallaþa -
Sg.2 kallaR kallaþiR; kallaþi kalleR kallaþiR; kallaþi kalla!
Sg.3 kallaR kallaþi kalle kallaþi -
Pl.1 kallum kallaþum kallem kallaþem kallum!
Pl.2 kallin kallaþin kallen kallaþen kallin!
Pl.3 kalla kallaþu kalle kallaþe -

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