• Language: Pichinglis
  • Alternate names: Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichi, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis
  • Language code: fpe
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Germanic, Northwest Germanic, West Germanic, North Sea Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Anglic, Later Anglic, Middle-Modern English, Macro-English, Guinea Coast Creole English, West African Creole English
  • Creole language
  • Number of speakers: 6000
  • Script: Latin script, used since 2006.

More information:


    Pichinglis is an Atlantic English-lexicon Creole language spoken on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. It is an offshoot of the Krio language of Sierra Leone, and was brought to Bioko by Krios who immigrated to the island during the colonial era in the 19th century.

    The Pichinglis Verb

    Verbs are divided into stative verbs, inchoative-stative verbs, and dynamic verbs.

    Stative Verbs

    fit ‘can’, hebul ‘be capable’, lɛk ‘like’, min ‘mean (to)’, nid ‘need’, want ‘want’, bi ‘BE’, de ‘BE.AT’, blant ‘reside’, fiba ‘resemble, seem’, tink ‘think’.

    Stative verbs do not co-occur with the imperfective marker dè IPFV’.

    Inchoative-stative Verbs

    The class of inchoative-stative verbs includes three semantic classes that belong to the large group of labile verbs:

    The class of inchoative-stative verbs is therefore much larger than that of stative verbs, which only has a few members.

    Dynamic Verbs

    Dynamic verbs may appear freely with the imperfective marker dè ‘IPFV’ and in ingressive auxiliary constructions featuring the aspectual/phasal verb bìgín ‘begin’

    Most of the verbs in the list below are dynamic verbs.

    TMA Tense, Mood, Aspect

    The core tense-mood-aspect (TMA) system is constituted by particles which express central notions such as imperfective aspect or potential mood. In the non-core system, auxiliary verbs express aspectual and modal notions in serial verb constructions.


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