- Language: Proto-Uralic
- Alternate names: Uralilainen kantakieli
- Language code:
- Language family: Uralic
- Number of speakers: Extinct
Proto-Uralic (Finnish: Uralilainen kantakieli) is a reconstructed language, which was the predecessor of all Uralic languages, such as Finnish.
Latest lingistical and archeological evidence support the theory that speakers of Proto-Uralic lived on the shores of Volga river in today's Southern Russia.
From Proto-Uralic language evolved a number of younger Uralic languages, such as Early Proto-Finnic.
The verb was inflected for tense-aspect (*-pa indicated "nonpast", *-ka indicated "perfect nonpast; imperative", *-ja indicated "past") and mood (*-ne indicated "conditional-potential"). The use of auxiliary verbs to indicate tenses was unknown, although Sami, Baltic-Finnic, and Hungarian now have essentially a Germanic-type tense system, with perfect formations based on the "be" verb; e.g., Finnish mene-n 'I go', ole-n men-nyt 'I have gone' ('be-I go-[past participle]'), men-i-n 'I went', ol-i-n men-nyt 'I had gone', men-isi-n 'I would go', ol-isi-n men-nyt 'I would have gone'.
*toli- to come
- Sg = singular
- Du = Dual
- Pl = Plural
- * = reconstructed (hypothetical) form
- Lehtinen, Tapani. Kielen vuosituhannet. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Jyväskylä, 2007.