Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Saramaccan
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: srm
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Germanic, Northwest Germanic, West Germanic, North Sea Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Anglic, Later Anglic, Middle-Modern English, Macro-English, Guinea Coast Creole English, Surinamese Creole English
  • Creole language
  • Number of speakers: 26000
  • Script:

More information:


    Saramaccan is a Creole language spoken by about 24,000 people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname Rivers in Suriname, and 2,000 in French Guiana. The speakers are mostly descendants of fugitive slaves; they form a group called Saramacca, also spelled Saramaka.

    The verb

     SubjectTenseModal/Aspect 1Modal/Aspect 2VerbTranslation
    1A---wakaHe walked.
    2A--tawakaHe is walking.
    3A-o-wakaHe will walk.
    4Abi--wakaHe did walk.
    5A--sawakaHe can walk or he may walk
    6A-otawakaHe will walk (continuously or habitually).
    7A-osa tawakaHe is able to walk (continuously or habitually).
    8Abio-wakaHe was going to walk.
    9Abi-sawakaHe could have walked.
    10Abi-tawakaHe was walking or he used to walk.
    11AbiosawakaHe could have walked.
    12Abiosa tawakaHe could have walked (continuously or habitually).
    13A---wakaHe walked.
    14Abi-sa tawakaHe used to be able to walk.

    7,8,13, and 14 occur seldom; the sa ta combinations are especially rare.