Tajiki

Facts

  • Language: Tajiki
  • Alternate names: Galcha, Tadzhik, Tajik, Tajiki Persian, Tojiki
  • Language code: tgk
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Southwestern Iranian, Middle-Modern Persian, Modern Southwestern Iranian, Farsic-Caucasian Tat, Farsic, Eastern Farsic, Tajikic
  • Number of speakers: 4479650
  • Script: Arabic script, used until 1928. Cyrillic script, used since 1940, primary usage. Hebrew script, used by Bukharan Jews. Latin script, used from 1928–1940.

More information:

    Introduction

    Tajik is the variety of Persian spoken in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan by Tajiks. It is closely related to neighboring Dari Persian with which it forms a continuum of mutually intelligible varieties.

    The Tajiki Verb

    Infinitives end in -тан (-tan) or -дан (-dan). The principal parts to remember are the past stem and present stem. The past stem is the easier to recognize, as it is determined simply by removing the -ан from the infinitive.

    Verb Forms

    Personal Suffixes

    The Verb ‘to be’

    PersonDependent FormExampleIndependent Form
    Sg.1-амкоргарамҳастам
    Sg.2коргарӣҳастӣ
    Sg.3аст, -сткоргар астҳаст, аст
    Pl.1-емкоргаремҳастем
    Pl.2-едкоргаредҳастед
    Pl.3-андкоргарандҳастанд

    Verblist