• Language: Judeo-French
  • Alternate names: Zarphatic
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script:


Judeo-French was the language used by the Jews who lived during the Middle Ages in a territory corresponding with the northern regions of modern France. It was also spoken in parts of what is now west-central Germany, in such cities as Mainz, Frankfurt am Main, and Aachen.

Judeo-French is a variant of the langue d'oïl version of Old French and it is recorded in a rich collection of short texts, mainly glosses to Hebrew commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud that were written in Hebrew script. Judeo-French has been extinct since the Middle Ages.