Frisian, WesternConjugate Verbs
- Language: Frisian, Western
- Alternate names: FRYSK, FRIES
- Language code: fri
- Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Frisian
- Number of speakers: 730000
Linguistically between Dutch and English. Not intelligible with Eastern and Northern Frisian of Germany (E. Matteson SIL 1978). 71% lexical similarity with Standard German, 61% with English, 74% with Eastern Frisian.
Most speakers are bilingual in Dutch. Over 70% of those in Friesland still speak Western Frisian. Town Frisian is a mixed language. National language. Literacy rate in first language: Speakers not generally literate in Frisian. Bilingual education is compulsory in Friesland but speakers are not generally literate in Frisian. Has an official orthography in the Netherlands. Bible 1943-1978.
Frisian is the first language of 55 per cent (350,000) of the population of the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. 74% of the inhabitants of Friesland are able to speak Frisian, 64% are able to read it and 17% able to write it. In 1956 the government of the Netherlands formally recognized Friesland as a bilingual community. Over the years, a steadily growing number of measures have been prepared to implement this policy in fields such as education, public administration and the judiciary.
Some 3,000 Frisian speakers live in a few villages just over the provincial border where Frisian does not have any status. The use of Frisian in education has been allowed since 1938 and it has been compulsory in primary education since 1980. It became compulsory in the first year of secondary education in 1993. Frisian is a Germanic language, historically related to English.
Regular verbs Infinitive: fraage Present 1sg ik fraage 2sg dü fraagest 3sg hi/hat/at fraaget 1pl wi fraage 2pl jam fraage 3pl jo fraage Irregular verbs Infinitive: drank Past participle: dronken Present Past 1sg drank droonk 2sg drankst droonkst 3sg drankt droonkt pl drank droonk Infinitive: wees Past participle: ? Present Past 1sg san 2sg beest 3sg as pl san
- Tiersma, Peter Meijes. Frisian Reference Grammar. Foris Publications. Holland, 1985.