• Language: Yola
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script


Yola is an extinct West Germanic language formerly spoken in Ireland. A branch of Middle English, it evolved separately among the English (known as the Old English) who followed the Norman barons Strongbow and Robert Fitzstephen to eastern Ireland in 1169.

The dialect, which in the period before its extinction was known as "Yola", meaning "old", evolved separately from the mainstream of English. Perhaps as a result of the geographic isolation and predominately rural character of the communities where it was spoken, Yola seems to have changed little down the centuries from when it first arrived in Ireland, apart from assimilating many Irish words. By the early 19th century, it was distinctly different from English spoken elsewhere.

The language continued to be spoken in south County Wexford until the early to mid-19th century when it was gradually replaced with modern Hiberno-English.

The verb

Yola verbs had some conservative characteristics. The second and third person plural endings are sometimes -eth as in Chaucerian English. The past participle retains the Middle English "y" prefix as "ee."

Verb samples

'cham / Ich aamI'm / I am
'chas / Ich waasI was
'cha / Ich haI've / I have
'chull / Ich wullI'll / I will
'chood / Ich wouldI'd / I would

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