Bonan

Facts

  • Language: Bonan
  • Alternate names: Bao’an, Baonan, Boan, Paoan, Paongan
  • Language code: peh
  • Language family: Altaic, Mongolic, Eastern, Mongour
  • Number of speakers: 6000
  • Script: Category

Introduction

Bonan is a language of China. It is spoken in Southwest Gansu Province, Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture, Jishishan Bao’an-Dongxiang-Sala Autonomous county; east Qinghai Province, Tongren county.

Dialects

Jishishan (Dahejia, Dajiahe, Dakheczjha), Tongren (Tungyen). Jishishan subdialects are Ganhetan and Dadun; Tongren subdialects are Nianduhu, Guomari, Gajiuri, and Lower Bao’an. Jishishan dialect has been influenced by Mandarin Chinese (See: Chinese, Mandarin), Tongren by Tibetan (See: Tibetan, Central?). There are phonological and grammatical differences between them, and inherent intelligibility may be low.

The Bonan Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekaməl-
to blowfəilə-
to breathehamar-
to burntuliə-
to buyuarə-
to chewʥiaʥial-
to chooseʣagə-
to climbpalʥi-
to comerə-
to cookʨinə-
to cryla-
to cut, hackfəilə-
to die, be deadfgu-(gu-)
to digmalta-, mantal-
to drinku-
to eatnda-
to fallbu-, na-
to fearaji-
to flowʨiurə-
to flymusi-
to growosi-
to hearʨiaŋlə-
to hideinmangə-
to holduarə-
to killala-
to know, be knowledgeablemadə-
to laughɕine-
to live, be aliveamtə
to open, uncovernəi-
to planttarə-
to saykalə-
to scratchmaʣi-
to seenʥiə-
to sewha-
to sitsəu-
to sleeptəra-
to spitnuməl-
to splitɢalə-
to squeezedarə-
to stealɢaləɣə-
to suckkugoɣo-
to swellχitə-
to swimmba-
to thinksəχtə-
to tie up, fastenuɢualə-
to walkiu-
to vomitbanʥi-
to yawn