Chatino, Zenzontepec

Conjugate Verbs

Facts

  • Language: Chatino, Zenzontepec
  • Alternate names: Chatino Occidental Alto, Northern Chatino
  • Language code: czn
  • Language family: Otomanguean, Eastern Otomanguean, Popoloca-Zapotecan, Zapotecan, Chatino, Core Chatino
  • Number of speakers: 8,490 (2000 INALI). 2,000 monolinguals.
  • Script: Latin script.

More information:

    Introduction

    Zenzontepec Chatino, also known as Northern Chatino, or "Chatino Occidental Alto" is an indigenous Mesoamerican language, one of the Chatino family of the Oto-Manguean languages. It is not intelligible with other Chatino languages. It is spoken by one of the most isolated groups in Oaxaca, the Chatino people in the municipalities of Santa Cruz Zenzontepec and San Jacinto Tlacotepec, and in the former municipality of Santa María Tlapanalquiahuitl.

    The Chatino, Zenzontepec Verb

    Zenzontepec Chatino is the most conservative Chatino language. Verbs in this language inflect for four aspect-mood values: Completive, Potential, Habitual and Progressive.

    Verblist

    a¹ką²ʔ, a¹ke²ʔ, a¹kwi², a¹lu², a¹su²ʔ, a¹ta²ʔ, a¹tę², a¹tzu²ʔ, aa, aą, achi¹, ahi, ahi¹, aka, aku, akwaʔ, akwę¹, akwiʔ, ala, ala¹, alaʔ, anaʔ, ata, atiʔ, atzaʔ, atzu, aʔna¹, ene, eta, etza¹ʔ, eʔe, hiʔį¹, hlya¹, hna², hnaʔ, hnii, hnya¹ʔ, hnya², hu²ų¹, hu²ʔu¹, hya¹, i¹-hni², i¹-s-a²ta, i¹-ty-e²ʔe, i¹ʔya², i²chą, i²chaa¹, i²chaą¹, i²kwa¹, i²kwą¹, i²su¹, i-chata, ichi¹, i-ch-uhwi¹ʔ, i-ch-ukwą¹, i-hnya¹, ii, i-katzǫ¹, i-ki¹-hnya², i-k-ikwą, i-k-isu, i-ly-a²su, i-lyaa, i-lyakwa¹, i-lyatza, i-lyo¹o², i-lyu²u¹, i-lyuʔu¹, i-ni¹i², i-ni¹ʔi², i-s-atiʔ, isę, i-s-e¹lu², i-s-ene¹, i-sukwa¹, i-s-uweʔ, i-s-uwi¹ʔ, i-tya¹a², i-ty-ala¹, i-ty-alaʔ, i-ty-ano, i-tyaʔą, i-tyotza, i-tyunu, i-tyusu¹ʔ, itzu, i-xi¹-ką²ʔ, ka¹ta², ka¹ʔa², ka²ʔne¹, kachi¹, kachi¹ʔ, kalaʔ, kana¹, katę¹, katzǫ¹, kaʔa, ke¹la², ke²la¹, kehę, ki¹į², ki¹tę²ʔ, ki¹tzę², kili, kiʔi, ku¹na²ʔ, ku²ti, la¹la², la²a¹, la²kwi, la²ti¹, la²ʔwa, laha, lakwa¹, lakwi, lala¹, laʔa, li²hi¹, li²nto¹, li²tiʔ, li²ya¹, lu¹kwa², lu²u¹, lya, lya¹, lyaʔa¹, lye¹ʔe², na¹a², na¹ʔa², naa, nakwą¹, naʔa, nee, ni¹i², nikwę, nuʔu, nyą¹ʔ, nyaxęʔ, ohoʔ, oo¹, oʔo¹, oʔǫ¹, sa¹ą², sana¹, saʔą, sę², se²su, sesu, sǫ², so²ʔ, su¹, su²lu, sukwa¹, suuʔ, s-uwi¹, ta¹a², ta¹a²ʔ, ta¹ką²ʔ, t-a²ha¹, t-a²kę¹, ta²kwi, ta²kwi¹, ta²su¹, ta²tza, taa, takąʔ, taʔą, te¹tza², te²e¹ʔ, teę, tee¹, tehę¹, teʔę, ti¹kų², ti¹te², ti²kwi¹, tihi, tikąʔ, tikwę, tita, tiyaa, tiyaą, tiyaʔ, toǫ, tu¹kwa², t-u²kwa¹, tu²we, tu²ʔu, tu²ʔya, tunu, tuuʔ, t-uʔu, tya²na, tye¹ʔę², tyehna¹, tyu¹kwa², tyu²kwa, tza¹ʔą², tza², tzoʔo, tz-u¹kų²ʔ, u¹-ba²ʔa¹, u¹-chi²kwę, u¹-hlya², u¹-hna²ʔ, u¹-hni², u¹-ke²ʔ, u¹-kų², u¹la², u¹-li¹hi², u¹-li²nto, u¹na², u¹-na²na, u¹-ni²kwę, u¹ra², u¹-s-a²ta, u¹-so²ʔ, u¹-sti², u¹-tę², u¹-t-i²sę, u¹-tu²kwi, u¹-tu²we, u¹-xę², u¹-x-i²ti, u¹ʔya², u²ne¹, u²ti¹, u-hawi, u-hnya¹, u-hnya¹ʔ, u-hwi, uhwiʔ, u-ka¹ta², u-ka¹ti², u-kachi¹ʔ, u-kalaʔ, u-katę¹, u-katzǫ¹, u-kaʔa, u-ke¹la², u-kehę, u-ki¹į², u-ki¹tę²ʔ, u-kili, u-kiʔi, u-ko¹ʔo², ukwą¹, ukwęʔ, u-la¹ha², u-la¹sti², u-la¹ti²ʔ, u-la¹ʔa², u-la²a¹, u-l-a²su¹, u-la²tza¹, u-lakwa¹, u-laʔa, u-li¹ti²ʔ, u-liʔi, u-lo¹o², u-loʔo, u-lu²u¹, u-lukwa¹, u-luʔu¹, una, u-na¹kwą², u-nakǫʔ, u-ne¹ʔe², u-ni¹tza²ʔ, u-nuʔu, u-roǫ, u-s-a¹a²ʔ, u-sa¹na², u-sa¹ʔą², u-s-a¹ʔwe², u-s-akwę¹, u-s-atą, u-s-atę¹, u-s-atiʔ, u-s-e¹lu², u-s-ene¹, u-so¹sa², u-su, u-s-u¹kwa², u-s-u²kwa¹ʔ, u-sukwi, u-s-uweʔ, u-suʔu¹, u-t-a¹kę², u-t-a¹kǫ²ʔ, u-ta¹ʔą², u-t-a²ha¹, u-t-alaʔ, u-t-ano, u-te¹hę², u-te¹tza², u-te²e¹ʔ, u-teę, u-ti¹kų², u-ti¹te², u-tihi, u-tikąʔ, u-tikwę, u-tisa¹ʔ, u-tita¹, u-totza, u-tu¹kwa², u-tu¹su²ʔ, u-t-u¹ʔu², u-tyele, u-tzaʔ, utzę, u-tzu, u-wana¹, uwe, u-wi²i¹, u-xi¹-ką²ʔ, u-xiką, u-xikwą, u-xu¹ʔu², u-ʔne, uʔwe, wi¹ʔi², wi²i¹, wini, witi, xa²ʔa¹, xę, xę², xiką, xiti, xiya¹ʔ, xu¹ʔu², ya¹a², ya¹chi²ʔ, y-a¹kǫ²ʔ, y-a¹kwę², y-a¹la², y-a¹lu², ya¹ʔne², y-a¹ʔwe², y-a²ha¹, y-a²ku, y-a²la, y-a²na¹, y-a²no¹, y-a²ta, ya²ʔą, ya²ʔą¹, yaa, yaą, yaa¹ʔ, y-aha¹, y-aka¹, y-aką¹ʔ, y-akę¹, yakwa, yakwa¹, yakwęʔ, yala, y-alaʔ, y-ane¹, y-asu, yata, y-atą, yatę, yatę¹, y-atę¹, y-atiʔ, y-atzu, yaʔne, yee, y-u¹kų²ʔ, y-u¹kwa², yu¹kwą², y-u²kwa¹, y-u²kwa¹ʔ, y-ukwą, y-uteʔ, y-uweʔ, y-uwi, y-uwi¹ʔ, y-uʔu, yuʔu¹, ʔne, ʔni.

    External Links