Conjugate Verbs


  • Language: Chichimeca-Jonaz
  • Alternate names: Meco, Pame de Chichimeca-Jonaz
  • Language code: pei
  • Language family: Otomanguean, Western Otomanguean, Otopame-Chinantecan, Otopamean
  • Number of speakers: 1360
  • Script: Unwritten.

More information:


    Chichimeca or Chichimeca Jonaz is an indigenous language of Mexico spoken by around 200 Chichimeca Jonaz people in Misión de Chichimecas near San Luis de la Paz in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. The Chichimeca Jonaz language belongs to the Oto-Pamean branch of the Oto-Manguean language family. The Chichimecos self identify as úza and call their language eza'r.

    The Chichimeca-Jonaz Verb

    Verbs in Chichimec inflect for at least seven TAM values and for the negative (aspectually neutral), together with person of the subject, by means of prefixes. The TAM values include a present (or incompletive), three past tenses (anterior past, recent past and immediate past), two irrealis moods (future and potential) and a mood called ‘contemporaneous’ that we prefer to call ‘sequential’, which is used in linked clauses in clause combining constructions.

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