Early Modern Danish

Facts

  • Language: Early Modern Danish
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code:
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: Latin script

Introduction

Early Modern Danish was spoken from 16th century onwards in Denmark and Norway. It's the predecessor of today's Danish. Unlike in today's Danish, the verbs were conjugated in number.

The Danish Verb

The infinitive forms of Danish verbs end in a vowel, which in almost all cases is the letter e.

Verbs are conjugated according to tense and number.

Sample weak verb: bage

In weak verbs the number is distinguished in present only.

Infinitivebage
Present singularbager
Present pluralbage
Past singular & pluralbagede

(Compare these verb forms with corresponding conjugations in today's Danish.)

More Verbs

Sample strong verb: skrive

In strong verbs the number is distinguished both in present and past.

Infinitiveskrive
Present singularskriver
Present pluralskrive
Past singularskrev
Past pluralskreve

References