Kabuverdianu of Santiago


  • Language: Kabuverdianu of Santiago
  • Alternate names: “Badiu” , Caboverdiano, Criol, Crioulo, Kriol, Krioulo, Krioulu, “Sampadjudu”
  • Language code: dkeas
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Italic, Latino-Faliscan, Latinic, Imperial Latin, Romance, Italo-Western Romance, Western Romance, Shifted Western Romance, Southwestern Shifted Romance, West Ibero-Romance, Galician Romance, Macro-Portuguese, Upper Guinea Portuguese
  • Creole language
  • Number of speakers: 450000
  • Script: Latin script.

More information:


    Cape Verdean Creole is a Portuguese-based creole language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. It is also called Kriolu or Kriol by its native speakers. It is the native creole language of virtually all Cape Verdeans and is used as a second creole language by the Cape Verdean diaspora.

    For historical reasons, the Portuguese-based San­tia­go Creole is closely related to the creole va­rie­ties on the archipelago’s other islands on Cape Verdean Creole of Brava, and on Cape Verdean Creole of São Vicente), and also to the Por­tuguese-based creoles of Guinea-Bissau and Casa­man­ce.

    The Kabuverdianu Verb

    There is no person, number, or gender concord in Santiago Creole verbs. Unless otherwise indicated, un­mar­ked forms of stative and dynamic verbs yield different temporal meanings:

    Santiago Creole has six verbal markers relating to aspect, mood, tense, and voice. Mood and aspect are expressed by pre­verbal particles (in this order), and relative tense and voice are expressed by verbal endings. The three preverbal mar­kers are

    The three verbal endings are -ba (‘anteriority’), -du (‘passivity’), and -da (‘anteriority + passivity’).