Kabuverdianu of São Vicente
- Language: Kabuverdianu of São Vicente
- Alternate names: “Badiu” , Caboverdiano, Criol, Crioulo, Kriol, Krioulo, Krioulu, “Sampadjudu”
- Language code: dkeav
- Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Italic, Latino-Faliscan, Latinic, Imperial Latin, Romance, Italo-Western Romance, Western Romance, Shifted Western Romance, Southwestern Shifted Romance, West Ibero-Romance, Galician Romance, Macro-Portuguese, Upper Guinea Portuguese
- Creole language
- Number of speakers: 76000
- Script: Latin script.
Cape Verdean Creole is a Portuguese-based creole language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. It is also called Kriolu or Kriol by its native speakers. It is the native creole language of virtually all Cape Verdeans and is used as a second creole language by the Cape Verdean diaspora.
São Vicente Creole, a variety of Cape Verdean Creole, is the mother tongue of all the island’s native inhabitants and is often adopted by the children of immigrants from mainland Africa, China, and Europe.
The Kabuverdianu Verb
São Vicente Creole verbs show no person, number, or gender morphology. Contrary to Cape Verdean Creole of Santiago, they do not show tense or aspect suffixes. Unmarked forms of stative verbs tend to have present-time reference, whereas unmarked dynamic verbs tend to have past (perfective) reference.
There are four preverbal tense and aspect markers in São Vicente Creole; there is no marker for voice (see passive constructions below) or mood.
- Ø: stative verbs present, dynamic verbs past perfect.
- ta [tɐ] ~ te [tɨ]: imperfective (habitual and progressive) simple present, future
- táva ~ tá [ta]: past imperfective conditional/counterfactual
- ti ta: progressive present
- táva ta/te ~ tá ta/te: progressive past conditional/counterfactual