Lingua francaConjugate Verbs
- Language: Lingua franca
- Alternate names: PETIT MAURESQUE, FERENGHI, SABIR, 'AJNABI, ALJAMIA
- Language code: pml
- Language family: Pidgin, Romance-based
- Number of speakers: Extinct
Lexicon from Italian and Provençal. An earlier version may have been a pidginized Latin. On the Barbary Coast of North Africa in 1578, its lexicon came from Spanish and Portuguese.
In Algeria in the 1830s, it drew increasingly from French, and later became the nonstandard French of that area. It may also have influenced other pidgins. There is a report of a present-day variety on the Aegean Islands, used as a pidgin in the southeastern Mediterranean region, to have mainly Arabic syntax, and vocabulary which is 65% to 70% Italian, 10% Spanish, and other Catalan, French, Ladino, and Turkish words.
Documented in Djerba, Tunisia in 1353. Dictionary. Coastal. Craftsmen, urban workers. sea level. Christian, Sunni Muslim. Extinct.