Madura

Facts

  • Language: Madura
  • Alternate names: Basa Mathura, Madhura, Madurese
  • Language code: mad
  • Language family: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Madurese
  • Number of speakers: 6770000
  • Script:

Introduction

Madura is a language of Indonesia. It is spoken in East Java Province, Madura island, Sapudi islands; coastal area of Java island, south and west of Surabaja city, southwest of Madura island. Also in Singapore.

Dialects

Bangkalan (Bangkalon), Bawean (Babean, Bhebien, Boyanese), Pamekesan (Pamekasan), Sampang, Sapudi, Sumenep. Dialect continuum. Reports differ about inherent intelligibility among dialects: some Sumenep and Sampang report they cannot understand Pamekasan or Sumenep. Difficult intelligibility with Kangean (See: Kangean?). Bawean may be a separate language. Lexical similarity: 75% with Kangean (See: Kangean?).

The Madura Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekekkeʔ
to blowñarepo
to breathea-ñaba
to burnñolet
to buybelli
to chewa-kael
to choosemele
to climbnaeʔ
to comedhateŋ
to cookŋ-ola
to countmetoŋ
to crynaŋes
to cut, hackŋerraʔ
to die, be deadmate
to digŋali
to dreama-mempe
to drinkŋemon
to eatŋakan
to fallgaggar
to feartakoʔ
to flowa-gili
to flyŋabber
to growtombu
to hearŋ-edhiŋ
to hideŋerrem
to hitpokol
to holdtek|kem
to hunta-buru
to killmateʔe
to know, be knowledgeabletao
to laugha-gellaʔ
to lie downdhuŋ tedhuyan
to live, be aliveodhiʔ
to open, uncoverbukkaʔ
to plantnamen
to pound, beatnoto
to sayŋocaʔ
to scratcha-garu
to seeneŋgu, ŋanela
to sewa-jaiʔ
to shootmana
to sittajuʔ
to sleeptedhuŋ
to sniff, smellñeyom
to spita-copa
to splitñebaʔ
to squeezeŋepeʔ
to stab, pierceñoca
to standman|jeŋ
to stealma-maleŋ
to suckŋeññot
to swellbara
to swima-laŋŋoy
to thinkmekker
to throwŋoteppagi
to tie up, fastennaleʔe
to turnmoter
to walka-jalan
to vomitŋota
to worka-lako
to yawna-uway