Chinantec, PalantlaConjugate Verbs
- Language: Chinantec, Palantla
- Alternate names: Chinanteco de San Pedro Tlatepuzco
- Language code: cpa
- Language family: Otomanguean, Western Otomanguean, Otopame-Chinantecan, Chinantecan, Central-Eastern Chinantec, Northwestern Chinantec, Chinantec Group II
- Number of speakers: 25,000 (2007 SIL). 1,500 monolinguals.
- Script: Latin script.
Palantla Chinantec, also known as Chinanteco de San Pedro Tlatepuzco, is a major Chinantecan language of Mexico, spoken in San Juan Palantla and a couple dozen neighboring towns in northern Oaxaca. The variety of San Mateo Yetla, known as Valle Nacional Chinantec, has marginal mutual intelligibility.
The Chinantec, Palantla VerbThere are two main types of verbs: stative verbs and dynamic verbs (also called ‘active verbs’). The inflection of dynamic verbs can be very complex. Verbs have three main inflected stems, which the sources take as sufficient to reconstruct the full paradigm of a verb. These are:
- Incompletive stem (also called present or progressive stem)
- Completive stem (also called past stem)
- Irrealis stem (also called future or intentive stem)
- Present: Ø-<Incompletive stem>
- Imperfect: mi³-<Incompletive stem>
- Past: ka¹-<Completive stem>
- Hodiernal: na²-<Completive stem>
- Future: Ø-<Irrealis stem>
- Potential: mi³-<Irrealis stem>