Scots Gaelic

Facts

  • Language: Scots Gaelic
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: gla
  • Language family: Indo-European, Celtic, Insular, Goidelic
  • Number of speakers: 57000
  • Script:

Introduction

Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig), is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, native to the Gaels of Scotland. Today it's spoken in North-Western Scotland. Most of modern Scotland was once Gaelic-speaking, as evidenced especially by Gaelic-language placenames. Scottish Gaelic is not an official language of the United Kingdom, but it is classed as an indigenous language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

Scots Verb

Verbal constructions may make use of synthetic verb forms which are marked to indicate person (the number of such forms is limited), tense, mood, and voice (active, impersonal/passive). Gaelic has very few irregular verbs. Traditionally grammars use the terms 'past', 'future tense', 'conditional', 'imperative' and 'subjunctive' in describing the five core Scottish Gaelic verb forms. In a general sense, the verb system is similar to that found in Irish.

Sample Verb 'abair'

Tense \ VoiceActivePassive
Presentag ràdh
Pastthuirtthuirteadh
Futuretheirtheirear
Conditionaltheireadhtheirteadh
Imperativeabair

Irregular Verbs

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