Chinese Pidgin Russian


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    Chinese Pidgin Russian was spoken between the last decades of the 18th and the middle of the 20th century in the vast territories along the Russian-Chinese border in southern Siberia and the Russian Far East, and also in northern China in the city of Harbin and along the Chinese Far East Railway built by Russia in Manchuria in 1903. This pidgin has been extinct for several decades already, but some elderly (over 70 years old) representatives of Siberian minorities can still be considered semi-speakers of Chinese Pidgin Russian.

    The Chinese Pidgin Russian Verb

    Chinese Pidgin Russian has three tense-aspect markers and a zero-marker. All overt markers follow the verb:

    . Combinations of markers are not possible. The rare occurrences of the forms ju-la and la-ju, which could be interpreted as a combination of ju+la, do not belong to the core structure of the language.

    Marker Aspectual Class Tense/Aspect Meaning
    Ø any (dynamic, stative) habitual present and past imperfective, generic present
    dynamic progressive present and past
    budu/ budi any future
    la dynamic terminative perfective: accomplished action; aorist
    dynamic non-terminative perfective: action limited in time; aorist
    stative perfective: completed change of state
    esi/ esa/ ju/ jula dynamic terminative perfective: accomplished action with current relevance/ evidential
    dynamic non-terminative action limited in time; repeated action
    stative repeated action