Swedish, Östnyylendskå


  • Language: Swedish, Östnyylendskå
  • Alternate names:
  • Language code: dswey
  • Language family: Indo-European, Classical Indo-European, Germanic, Northwest Germanic, North Germanic, North Scandinavian, East-Central Swedic, East Swedic
  • Dialect of: Swedish
  • Number of speakers: ?
  • Script: Latin script

More information:


    Östnyylendskå is an archaic Swedish dialect spoken in the environs of Lovisa ca.70-110 km. east of Helsinki, Finland.

    The language has evolved from the language spoken by the Swedish that settled the area under late XIII century. Some parts of the language have traces of a language older than Runic Swedish. In particular the preservation of the Old Scandinavian diphthongs [ei] as in stein ('stone'), [öü] < /au/ as in höugär ('high'), and [öy] as in ti röyk ('to smoke') . The former diphthong has been preserved almost consistent, while the latter two are often matched by a monophthong MONOPHTHONG öögå ('eye'), hööst ('autumn'), tjööft ('bought'), and höörd ('heard').

    The verb

    The Östnyylendskå verb is inflected in:

    Verbs are not inflected in person and number.

    Strong verbs have traces of umlaut in the root vowel that had already been levelled in Old Swedish?. E.g., broken */e/ in ti bjär(a) ('to bear').

    Infinitive Present Past Perfect Standard Swedidsh
    ti blii bliir blei ha blivi bli
    ti taa taar too ha tajji ta
    ti peikk peikar peikka ha peikka peka
    ti byyt byytär byytt ha byytt (byti ?) byta
    ti föör föör föörd ha föörd föra
    ti sjili sjil sjilld ha sjilld skilja
    ti seli sel sååld ha sååld sälja
    ti let letär let ha leti låta
    ti fall fallär full ha falli falla
    ti hitt hittar hitta ha hitta hitta

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