Gothic is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths. It is known primarily from Codex Argenteus, a 6th century copy of a 4th century Bible translation. Other languages belonging to the East Germanic group of languages -- Burgundian and Vandalic -- are known only from proper names that survived in historical accounts.
The Gothic Verb
Verbal inflexions in Gothic have
- two grammatical voices: the active and the medial;
- three numbers: singular, dual (except in the third person), and plural;
- two tenses: present and preterite (derived from a former perfect);
- three grammatical moods: indicative, subjunctive (from an old optative form) and imperative;
- as well as three kinds of nominal forms: a present infinitive, a present participle, and a past passive.
Not all tenses and persons are represented in all moods and voices – some conjugations use auxiliary forms.